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Endangered Animals of Africa

There are several endangered animals on the continent of Africa today. The reason for the depleting number of these animals will range from poaching to habitat loss and numerous human factors such as displacement and deforestation. All these factors have contributed to animals facing a huge risk of extinction in Africa.

There are eight most endangered animals throughout Africa:

Riverine Rabbit

This is perhaps the most endangered animal right now in Africa. It is becoming rare and is one of the most endangered species of wildlife in Africa. This rare species of rabbit is a significant one when you want to measure the health of the ecosystem. The population currently is estimated to be around only two hundred and fifty and declining sharply. The main threat to the Riverine Rabbit is degradation of forests and loss of habitat. Other factors are hunting as a sport and accidental trapping by farm workers. This type of endemic species can be found along the Karoo areas in Central and South Africa. You can find Riverine Rabbits in the Anysberg Nature Reserve.

Ethiopian Wolf

This is one of the most endangered carnivores in Africa. It is one of the rarest species of wolves that you will come across anywhere in the world. It is also referred to as the Simien Fox. It has been listed as critically endangered animals. The estimated number currently in Africa is around five hundred. The main threat is on account of loss of Afro-Alpine habitats and this is because the spread of agriculture and commercial farming. These wolves also contract rabies often from the livestock of dogs herding and several other diseases. Shooting and road killings are other factors. You can come across Ethiopian wolves in the Ethiopian Highlands. You will also come across them in the Simien Mountains National Park.

Black Rhino

This features in one of the highest profiled endangered animals in Africa. There are close to five thousand Black Rhinos left in the African wild today. Poaching is the main threat to them because of the international black market trade in rhino horns. Hunting and habitat loss are other factors. You can come across Black Rhinos in Namibia, Kenya, Botswana, Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa.

Grevy’s Zebra

This is perhaps the largest endangered species among zebras in Africa. The estimated population left in Africa is about two thousand. The main threat to Grevy’s Zebras comes from depleted water sources, degradation of their habitat and also loss that results from overgrazing and competition for natural resources. Other factors are diseases and threat from hunters. The best places to see Grevy’s Zebras in Africa are Ethiopia and Northern Kenya, particularly the Horn of Africa.

African Wild Dog

This is one of the most endangered animal species not only in Africa but the whole wide world. It is also known as the Cape Hunting Dog or the Painted Hunting Dog. It ranks among the second most endangered carnivore on this continent. The current population is estimated to be around three thousand. The main threat to the African Wild Dog comes from habitat fragmentation and dangers from human conflicts. Infectious diseases also have an impact on their extinction. The places that you can come across an African Wild Dog are Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Zambia along with South Africa.

Mountain Gorilla

This is the largest and rarest primate that you will come across in this continent. It is a sub-species of those endangered Eastern Gorillas. This is one of the rarest apes that you will come across anywhere in the world. There are only three hundred of them left in Africa. You will find them in Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. The main threat to these species comes from hunting for bush meat and habitat loss.

Rothschild’s Giraffe

This is perhaps the tallest land animal in the world. It is one of the most endangered animals and threatened species. There are six hundred and seventy Rothschild’s Giraffes left in the African wild today. The main threat to them is through loss of habitat and population segregation along with poaching and hunting. You will come across Rothschild’s Giraffes in Kenya, Uganda and particularly the Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya.

Chimpanzee

It is regarded as the closest living relative to humans and they are supposed to share over ninety five percent of the DNA found in humans. You will be surprised to know that chimpanzees have not been left alone and they are now in the ranks of most endangered animals in Africa. There are only a hundred and fifty thousand of them surviving in the wild today. They have been declared regionally extinct in areas such as Burkina Faso, Benin and Gambia. The main threat to the chimpanzee population is on account of degradation and the destruction of their natural habitats due to agriculture, logging and mining. They are also hunted for bush meat and trapped and snared for illegal trading in pets. The best places that you can come across them are Gabon, Central Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon along with Angola, Uganda and Tanzania. There are several in Queen Elizabeth and Kibale National Parks in Uganda.

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